Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani was a legendary Sūfī , a poet and a prominent Muslim scholar. He was born in Hamadan, Iran and was buried in Khatlan Tajikistan. He played a major role in spreading Islam in Kashmir and also influenced the culture of the Kashmir valley. He was known as Shāh-e-Hamadān (“King of Hamadān”), Amīr-i Kabīr (“the Great Commander”), and Ali Sani (“second Ali”).
Hamadani spent his early years under the tutelage of Ala ud-Daula Simnani, a famous Kubrawi saint from Semnan, Iran. Despite his teacher’s opposition to Ibn Arabi’s explication of the wahdat al-wujud (“unity of existence”), Hamadani wrote Risala-i-Wujudiyya, a tract in defense of that doctrine, as well as two commentaries on Fusus al-Hikam, Ibn Arabi’s work on Al-Insān al-Kāmil. Hamadani is credited with introducing the philosophy of Ibn-Arabi to South Asia.